Group A beta-hemolytic streptococci (Streptococcus pyogenes) are the most common bacterial cause of pharyngitis. Transmission occurs by droplets of infected secretions.

 

Group A streptococci producing erythrogenic toxin may cause scarlet fever in susceptible persons.

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No Penicillin Allergy

penicillin or amoxicillin (Amoxil) to treat strep throat. They are the top choices because they're safer, inexpensive, and they work well on strep bacteria.

Kids or adults who are allergic to penicillin may be able to take one of these antibiotics instead:

Your child will take antibiotics by mouth 1 to 3 times each day. Sometimes doctors give this medicine as a shot.

How to Manage Symptoms

Until the antibiotics start to work, these home treatments can help you or your child feel better:

  • Over-the-counter pain relievers: Take acetaminophen (Tylenol) or ibuprofen (Motrin, Advil) to bring down a fever and ease the sore throat. Don't give aspirin to children and teens. It can cause a rare but serious condition called Reye’s syndrome.
  • Rest: Stay home from school or work. You need extra rest to help your body fight off the infection.
  • Gargling: Rinse with a mixture of a quarter-teaspoon of salt and 8 ounces of warm water to relieve a scratchy throat.
  • Lozenges and hard candy: Older kids can suck on these to feel better. Avoid giving small pieces of candy to children 4 and younger.
  • Drink lots of fluids: Do this especially if you have a fever. Water and warm liquids such as soup or tea soothe the throat and keep you hydrated. If cold feels better on your throat, suck on a frozen pop or ice chips. Avoid orange juice, lemonade, and other drinks that are high in acid. These can burn your throat.
  • Soft foods: Examples include yogurt, applesauce, or frozen yogurt. They're easier to swallow.

 

 

 

 

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